Zaporizhzhia – a city in Ukraine, the administrative center of the Zaporizhzhia region, located on the Dnieper River. It is one of the largest administrative, industrial and cultural centers of the south of Ukraine. The population of 777 thousand people.
The climate is moderately continental, characterized by pronounced acidity. In a year (on average) 225 sunny days. The lowest monthly average air temperature in January (minus 14.1 ° C) was recorded in 1950, the highest (2.6 ° C) in 2007. The lowest monthly average temperature in July (+19.5 ° C) was observed in 1976, the highest (26.5 ° C) – in 1938. The absolute minimum air temperature (minus 31.8 ° C) was recorded on January 10, 1940, the absolute maximum (39.9 ° C) – August 20, 1946. The distribution of precipitation over the region is not uniform, as is the distribution of average air temperatures. In the direction from north-west to south-east, the climate of the region becomes more and more hot and arid . Rainfall is 448 mm per year.
As of December 1, 2010, the cash population in Zaporizhia was 776,825 people, the permanent population – 772,889 people.
Authorities and politics
The city of Zaporizhzhia is an independent administrative-territorial unit within the Zaporizhzhia region and its administrative center. In the city, there are bodies of both local and regional self-government.
The revenue part of the city budget in 2010 amounted to 1 billion 904 million UAH., Expenditure – 1 billion 909 million UAH. In January-February 2010, almost 11 thousand unemployed people were registered in the employment centers of Zaporizhzhia, of which 10.2 thousand were unemployed. As of July 1, 2010, the registered unemployment rate was 1.2%
Education and science
At the end of 2009 in Zaporizhzhia, there were 144 pre-school institutions in which there were 22 911 children at the current 17 944 places. In 2008, 64 thousand students in municipal schools of different levels studied in Zaporizhia. In total, the city has 274 educational institutions of pre-school, primary, and secondary education. There are 120 general educational institutions, of which 16 are gymnasiums, 10 lyceums, 2 collegiums, 30 educational complexes. Teaching in municipal schools is conducted in Ukrainian (52% of pupils) and Russian. Nurseries, kindergartens provide education for 16.5 thousand children, mostly municipal support.
The network of higher and vocational schools of the city is 17 schools of I-IV accreditation levels, 16 – vocational-technical education, where about 45 thousand students study.
The residents of the city have two athletics arenas, five swimming pools, sports and water sports bases, tennis courts, twelve sports grounds with artificial turf, sports house Zaporizhumilyuminbud, Yunost Sports Palace, modern football stadium Slavutych Arena.
The city has three specialized schools for children and youth of the Olympic reserve (handball, wrestling, and judo).
In municipal subordination is 32 medical institutions. The network of medical institutions includes 9 city hospitals, 2 children’s hospitals, 5 independent polyclinics for adults, 3 independent polyclinics for children, 7 dental polyclinics, 1 city clinical hospital of emergency, and emergency medical aid. Given the regional importance of the city, there is a Regional Clinical Hospital. The total number of hospital beds in stationary institutions of the city is 4240 units. During 2008, 126,586 patients were treated in round-the-clock inpatient facilities, the hospitalization rate per 100 inhabitants was 15.6. Day hospitals at outpatient clinics and home hospitals are actively introduced. At the beginning of 2009, 627 beds of day hospitals were deployed at polyclinics. In 2010, 406.5 million hryvnias were allocated to public health, which, however, is not sufficient for adequate health care.
Paramedics, nurses, midwives are trained at four medical schools. Doctors and pharmacists are trained by Zaporizhzhya State Medical University. Further professional development of doctors provides Zaporizhzhia Medical Academy of Postgraduate Education.